Dec 03, 2020 Last Updated 4:55 AM, Dec 2, 2020

Fisheries Fray

  • Dec 04, 2020
  • Published in June

The Papua New Guinea Fishing Industry Association (PNGFIA) wants to widen the scope of its fishery products and fishing vessels covered by its recent Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)-certified status.

And the organisation remains highly critical of Pacifical, the commercial entity 50/50 owned by PNA members and Netherlands-based Sustunable bv, marketing the Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA's) tuna products in the global market.

PNGFIA announced the success of its MSC certification application in May. This makes it the latest party in the Pacific region eligible to carry the coveted international sustainable fishing label on its fishery products, and the first with the premium blue label certification.  

"We are still not happy with PNA Pacifical because this structure has 50% foreign interest and they are riding on us PNA for personal gain. None of the PNA understand fully how Pacifical works. It is controlled by persons with vested interest using PNA as a conduit," PNGFIA Sylvester Pokajam President told Islands Business.  

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The Papua New Guinea Fishing Industry Association (PNGFIA) has rejected the recent suspension by the Western and Central Pacific Fishing Commission (WCPFC) of observer coverage services on board purse seine fishing vessels.

WCPFC, based in Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia, is a tuna conservation body whose membership include most countries with fishing interests in the Pacific waters as well as Pacific Island countries who are also members of the Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA) and its sub-group, the Parties to Nauru Agreement (PNA).

Last week, the WCPFC announced an extension of COVID-19 measures that had relaxed some controls on tuna fishing in the Pacific region, and called for stakeholder support in implementing them.

The measures, in force until another review on July 31, included:

• the suspension of purse seine observer coverage;
• The green light for at-sea transshipment of purse seine vessels due to port closure.


However the PNGFIA has pushed back, saying it considers them potentially damaging to its recent Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certification status.

"Papua New Guinea noted the action taken by WCPFC to suspend or waive 100 percent observer coverage on all purse seine vessels fishing and transshipping in PNA waters as a result of coronavirus pandemic," said PNGFIA president Sylvester Pokajam in a statement yesterday.

"All PNGFIA MSC trips will apply compulsory PNG observer placement on board all LBFV (locally-based foreign fishing vessels) and PNG-flagged vessels for its MSC authorised trips fishing within its Archipelagic and EEZ waters. PNG has no intention of compromising its MSC certification standards and will therefore not come up with any alternative traceability assurance system than those systems explicitly articulated in its Public Certification Report."

Pokajam also took a swipe at the PNA - of which PNG is a member - and its commercial arm Pacifical, with which the PNGFIA had had a falling out, eventually leading PNGFIA to pursue MSC certification on its own.

"We apply our sovereignty and sovereign rights to manage the tuna fishing within our domestic laws, regulations and policies to ensure our tuna fishery remain sustainable and financially viable in the long term," he said.

"We don't support the manner in which the PNA MSC/Pacifical has gone ahead to use the COVID-19 pandemic as an excuse to not place observer on purse seiners for their MSC trips. In our opinion, the MSC office should suspend the PNA MSC trips for the duration of the observer waiver til 31 July, 2020," Pokajam added.

He said the PNG government had kept PNG ports open for fishing vessels as well as crucial shipping service.

PNGFIA was awarded MSC certification early last month and this covered 64 purse seine vessels targeting skipjack and yellowfin in both PNG’s EEZ and archipelagic waters.

Of that total, 32 vessels are PNG-flagged and 32 vessels are Philippines-flagged, licensed as locally based foreign fishing vessels. 



 
 

"Fishing doesn't stop, so neither will our surveillance," said Commander Robert Lewis, at the Forum Fisheries Agency’s Regional Fisheries Surveillance Centre (RFSC) in Honiara as Operation Rai Balang 2020 comes to a close.

The two-week fisheries surveillance activity ends tomorrow. It covered 14.1million square kilometres and included 108 sighting and 24 boardings during the heightened global response to coronavirus. 

"Fisheries surveillance in the Pacific is imperative to ensure compliance by the fishing fleets, and deter any illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing activities.  Fisheries have a direct benefit for Pacific island counties economies, and that makes surveillance even more important in these unprecedented times," Commander Lewis said.

“Twenty-four boardings is a real impact considering the current COVID-19 situation; obviously each crew considered national guidelines to ensure their safety and avoid any potential coronavirus transmission," said CMDR Lewis. 

The participants of Op Rai Balang were eight FFA member states: Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Marshall Islands, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.  This was supported by Quadrilateral defence partners: Australia, France, New Zealand and the United States, and the Pacific Maritime Surveillance Programme aircraft.  Due to developing global travel restrictions and recalls of national surveillance assets, not all surveillance assets were utilised as planned.

FFA Director General, Dr Manu Tupou-Roosen underlined the regional coordination demonstrated during Op Rai Balang.  "At the outset, we sincerely thank all of those who participated to ensure the success of this operation during these challenging times.  In the Pacific, we know that together we are stronger.  The extraordinary circumstances for Op Rai Balang presented a unique way to demonstrate our collective commitment to protecting our valuable fisheries resources and confirming that any challenge can be overcome through Cooperation.  The FFA is proud to continue to assist our member States in this way."

Op Rai Balang is one of four targeted operations hosted by the FFA annually, however regional surveillance is supported 365 days a year through the RFSC Regional Surveillance Picture. 

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